Mission: Free IUVENTA
FREE IUVENTA - SEA RESCUE IS NOT A CRIME
JUGEND RETTET - IUVENTA
JUGEND RETTET is a network of young people who have organized themselves to fight against dying in the Mediterranean. We bought a ship, the IUVENTA, and have already saved more than 14,000 people from distress. In this way, we are countering the humanitarian catastrophe and collective European failure.
On the 1st of August, the Italian Maritime Rescue Coordination Centre (MRCC) ordered the IUVENTA to Lampedusa. Subsequently, it was seized by Italian authorities. The day before, we refused to sign the so-called Code of Conduct of the Italian government, which would have forced us to break international maritime law.
CRIMINALISATION OF SEA RESCUE
The aim of European migration policy is to close the humanitarian corridor. In order to achieve this, the NGOs active in the Mediterranean will be kept from rescue operations. The situation escalated in a campaign of slander and criminalisation, which falsely accused us of co-operation with smugglers.
As a rescue organisation, we observe the instructions of the responsible authority, the Maritime Rescue Coordination Centre, in Italy. Our rescue missions are based on international maritime law and are based on internationally recognised humanitarian principles.
The Italian prosecutor's office uses statements and accusations from right-wing circles with the intention of sealing off fortress Europe even more brutally at its external borders. Dubious evidence from the sphere of the right-wing extremist Identitarian movement is used in the politically motivated campaign against the NGOs.
EUROPEAN AID TO BREACH INTERNATIONAL LAW
In the Libyan civil war various militia are fighting for power. The so-called Libyan coast guard is part of a civil war division and is supported by European states. This Libyan coast guard, under threat of violence, prohibits the unauthorised travel on international waters, and disregards applicable and established sea and international law. People who are apprehended when crossing to Europe end up in detention camps with catastrophic conditions, are subjected to massive violence, and human rights violations. Last year more than five thousand people were been killed while trying to cross the Mediterranean Sea.
Europe does not accept any responsibility for the indescribable suffering at our external borders, and neither allows safe escape routes nor state rescue programs. Instead, the European states are now financing the people who were ruthless smugglers yesterday, so that they can stop those fleeing over the crossing today. Meanwhile, we are prevented from documenting the humanitarian catastrophe with our rescue missions and from saving human lives. However, we will not stop criticising the deadly logic of European migration policy.
Now, more than ever, we are dependent on your support! Show your solidarity and raise your voice for us. You can help us through small actions: share our message! Get in touch with us - with a comment or a banner.
Only together can we make it possible for the IUVENTA to save lives.
#FreeIUVENTA - Sea Rescue is not a Crime
Having discovered a boat in distress either by active search or on direction by a rescue coordination centre, the Iuventa remains at an appropriate stand off distance while the RHIBs approach the stricken boat from the stern and distribute life vets, if necessary.
One of the RHIBS starts then to shuttle persons to safety on board the Iuventa while the other always remains in contact with the boat. On occasion the RHIBS tow the boat alongside the Iuventa for direct embarkation.
Once on board, rescued persons receive medical attention and most importantly drinking water which is kept in large built-in tanks that can be refilled by generating potable water from sea water by means of a water-maker.
Eventually larger NGO or Italian coast-guard vessels transfer our rescued persons to safety ashore.
Dear Mr. Avramopoulos,
You are our EU Commissioner for Migration and Home Affairs, therefore responsible for people in flight. “The heart of the European project is to protect the lives of migrants” - These were your words at the beginning of the year. We ask ourselves: When will you prioritize human rights and refugee protection? How many more people will have to die at our external borders?
Recently you have agreed with the Interior Ministers of Germany, France and Italy an 'Action Plan' to decrease migration across the Mediterranean. We are appalled that Europe is continuing its policy of isolation. Now, further subsidies were made to a so-called Libyan Coast Guard (LCG). Libya shall close down its Southern borders for migrants and Frontex will be increasingly involved in deportations from Europe. The International Criminal Court in The Hague is considering an investigation against the EU-equipped and trained LCG because it has increasingly violated the International Maritime Law and the Geneva Refugee Convention. Protection-seekers and civilian sea rescue organizations have repeatedly been exposed to dangers by the LCG in recent months. Therefore, a cooperation must be questioned.
We have already agreed on a common Code of Conduct with the other Search and Rescue organizations, which is regulating the core operational aspects. The newly proposed Code of Conduct for SAR NGOs by the EU, which is supposedly to protect the safety of boat migrants and refugees as well as us Sea rescue initiatives, is inadequate. In addition, we already have the International Law of the Sea, the Non-refoulement Principle, Human Rights and Refugee Law. The fact that no civilian organizations have been involved in this process is more than incomprehensible. Several points of the Code are particularly critical. For example, if we are no longer allowed to transfer rescued people to other vessels, but have to bring them to a safe haven by our own, the consequence will be: Less rescue capacities at the Mediterranean - more people will die!
Solidarity with Italy? Yes, but we also demand solidarity with people in flight. A pro-active search and rescue program of the EU is urgently needed: in the Mediterranean alone 2,257 people are already missing or dead this year. In the words of Pro Asylum: "This is a failure of human rights and humanitarianism".
Mr. Avramopoulos, Actions Are Louder Than Words.
Mission Donald Tusk
Dear Mr. Tusk,
We ask ourselves: For which Europe do you stand as EU Council President?
Your words on refugee protection and active marine rescue in the Mediterranean are becoming increasingly tougher. In April 2015 you have stressed the prevention of further deaths on the Mediterranean route as a top priority for the European Community, they have stood for a clear EU foreclosure policy since autumn 2015. The then "easy" access to Europe was called by you one of the greatest pull factors.
At the same time, you urged politicians like Angela Merkel to correct the policy of open doors. Also, you have repeatedly emphasized the image of the wave of refugees as a threat to the security of the European community in public discourse. This rhetoric gives the right voices a sense of legitimation, an anti-refugee sentiment is increasingly accepted by society. This must cease, politics can not even indirectly promote such patterns of thought.
You call for an urgent solidarity within the EU Member States, but not for a responsible asylum policy or a state-sponsored sea rescue. They want solidarity in border protection so that the Schengen system is not in danger. Solidarity with people on the run - this is our urgent request to you, Mr President-in-Office of the Council!
The current agreement between Italy and Libya was welcomed by you. At the Malta Summit, you emphasized that the core values of our society are in danger when the Mediterranean cruises do not end. The irregular migration would help the right parties to the big elections in several EU countries to success.
We do not agree with this, it is too quiet support for the protection of the people and against racism on the part of the political decision-makers who make the values waver. We stand for the right to life, salvation from distress and asylum. We need politicians to reflect empathy and human dignity in their policies.
Mr. Tusk, actions are louder than words!
Mission Hirsi Jamaa
We criticize those who ignore.
Our past missions were aimed at state actors with the request to help us and to save people from distress. Because of recent events, we are naming our 6th mission after a precedent. Hirsi Jamaa represents a case that happened in 2009. Over 200 Eritrean and Somali refugees were seized 35 nautical miles south of Lampedusa by the Italian customs and the coast guard and taken to Tripoli. The claimed reason for this was a return agreement. Thereupon, 24 persons appealed to the European Court of Human Rights. In 2012 Italy was condemned to pay damages. Returning the refugees to Libya was unrightful, as nobody may be subjected to torture or inhuman punishment. (Article 3 ECHR)
Currently, exactly those same illegal push-back actions are being repeated by the Libyan coast guard under use of violence. Those actions, as done in the past, are dangerous for people in distress and even for rescue units.
People in international waters are returned to Libya without legal basis. Currently, Libya is not a safe port by Geneva Conventions.a
"[...] Returning to Libya is impossible. The situation in Libya does not allow it to be viewed as a safe country. Such conditions are currently not met. [...] " - Fabrice Leggeri, Link, 16.05.2017
Neither we, nor other ships, are legally allowed to bring people in distress to Libya.
Right now we are concerned with the plans of a Libyan rescue control center: The irresponsible "rescue" methods of the Libyan coast guard and violations of international law often result in serious human rights violations in Libyan detention camps. In addition, we are increasingly concerned for the safety of our crew and the refugees on the boats.
Instead of consciously accepting violations of human rights by the Libyan coast guard, the European governments must finally fulfill their responsibilities for the dead at their outer borders. Everyone in maritime emergency deserves rescue.
Dear Ms. Mogherini,
“Europe is what we make of it” - this was promoted by you at the end of March on the 60th anniversary of the Treaties of Rome. But what is being done in Europe? With our work we are trying to shape Europe solidarity and human: We head out to the Mediterranean Sea and rescue people at the European frontier, because we do not want to accept the dying.
But we miss the support of the EU on the ground while we are in action. We are currently observing at the Mediterranean Sea a development that is contrary to our idea of a human and just Europe: The European policy focuses on border closure.
With the closure of the Balkan route and the EU-Turkey deal, the fleeing people have been driven more and more onto the dangerous Mediterranean route. Instead of facing the home-made emergency situation at the Mediterranean with the help of sea rescue programs, the EU is counting on an odd agreement with the shattered civil war country Libya. Again, the concept is based on the closure of borders - as if nothing had been understood in the last months.
The training of the Libyan coast guard by the EU is being criticized by many sides for good reasons: already in 2016 the attacks by the Libyan coast guard on the vessels of MSF and Sea Watch have shown how unpredictable this actor can be. The country is divided, there is no single government, many rival groups struggle for power - this is also reflected in “the” coast guard. With whom does the EU actually cooperate?
Last week, however, there was an incident: outside the Libyan territory, a patrol vessel from Libya intervened in a rescue operation from Sea Watch. They were rammed almost by the Libyan ship. The Libyan units dragged several refugees back into their territorial waters to take them back to Libya. They thus broke with international law.
What will happen to Europe, if we have cooperation partners who disregard valid law? If we conclude agreements with countries where human rights are not enforced? If the EU itself is not even able to protect human rights? If the fundamental human right to life, liberty and security does not seem to have any validity at the Mediterranean?
This is not our Europe. We ask you to engage for a humane asylum policy: as long as there is no legal possibility of entry for refugees, there must be at least a comprehensive sea rescue program of the EU. For as long as such programs do not exist, people will die at our gates to Europe. We are active at sea to counter this rescue gap. But we also reach our limits: the last few weeks have made it clear that search and rescue cannot be performed alone by NGOs.
We name this mission consciously after you. We see ourselves in the position to take on a task which the EU neglects: the rescue of people from acute danger of life.
We want a Europe that takes responsibility and stands for the fundamental right to life and security. This requires reasonable measures, such as a European sea rescue program, which helps to alleviate the emergency situation at sea. We are happy if you, Ms. Mogherini, join us to talk about such measures and our experience at the Mediterranean.
With kind regards, The Jugend Rettet Team
Mission Fabrice Leggeri
Dear Fabrice Leggeri,
According to the spokeswoman of your authority, Ewa Moncure, Frontex has never criticized SAR-NGOs. You would only observe the situation on the ground and you noticed that migrants in distress would not call the MRCC as in the years before and would still be saved by ships. The insinuation that NGOs are the reason for the increase in refugees in the Mediterranean ("pull factor") and the increasing death rate, still resonates with this statement.
We also made some observations on the Easter weekend: on only one weekend some 8.000 people were located and saved in seaworthy boats. 25 ships were involved in the rescue packages, one of which was from Frontex, one from the EU mission Sophia and ten from SAR NGOs. In spite of the May days sent by the NGOs, which have also heard their ships by radio, no further ships were rescued from their side.
For some people, the aid came too late this weekend: but dying on the Mediterranean continued, although the NGOs have worked tirelessly and pushed their limits on their burdens. We wonder whether dying could not have been prevented. And why of your 11 ships, which are deployed in the Mediterranean, only one was involved in the rescue operations.
We also ask ourselves why you would not discuss your concerns with us personally, but instead turn to the press with your reproaches. We have been available since the beginning for a clarifying discussion among adults. Unfortunately, you and your authority have not yet agreed to any meeting.
The Easter weekend has shown again that we need to provide help because state actors are not present. And that is why we are naming our fourth mission after you, Mr Leggeri: Border security must never be above the duty to save people from the danger of life. We demand political measures according to humanitarian standards to deal with the current fleeing of refugees.
Every person deserves rescue at sea!
Mission Sebastian Kurz
THE THIRD MISSION 2017
Acknowledge the distress of the people, Herr Kurz
Only in March did you say that the "NGO madness" in the Mediterranean must be end. We would also be pleased if our work became no longer necessary. But not like this! Because you do not want to recognize the people's need and prefer to see an isolated Europe, we act where you do not. And so we name our mission after you!
Since the beginning of our project we have been criticizing the fact that private initiatives have to take over the task of sea rescue. Unfortunately, there are no measures by the state to counteract the suffering and distress of the fleeing people: There are neither comprehensive state marine rescue programs, nor measures to counteract the illegal immigration. Instead, the EU governments are trying to create disgrace on the Mediterranean from the viewpoint of the European Community. The North African detention center and the development of the European frontier system will not put an end to the plight of the people and solve the problem. This has already been proved by the demands on the refugees of the Australian model in camps outside the EU.
The closure of the Balkan route, which you have so diligently worked on, is a symbol of the fact that such policies are completely unsuitable. The procedure, which you also call a success, simply ensured that the escape routes have shifted, and now several thousand refugees are stuck in Greece. The closure has neither led to an improvement for these people, nor has it had a positive effect on the migration movement. Now you are promoting the closure of the Mediterranean route. And also a Europe without migration, without empathy and without moral consciousness. Australia is detaining refugees in unsafe housing on secluded islands. Human rights organizations regularly report violent attacks, rape and abuse of children in these camps. Is this to be a serious example of European asylum policy?
You complain that the NGOs in the Mediterranean are the partners of the traffickers. Because on the basis of missing alternatives, refugees are only forced to entrust their life to traffickers. Maybe you should think about this chain, instead of pushing the blame on the organizations that keep people from drowning.
Your Jugend Rettet Team
April 18th '17: Statement on the incidents of Easter weekend
The last days were a hard strain on our crew. Through professional work and a combination of the necessary peace and good cooperation, our team was able to surrender everyone safely to a ship of "Save the Children", the Vos Hestia. The helpers have gone to their maximum in the last hours. However, they are in a good condition and now back on their way to our port in Malta.
Decisive for the situation at Easter Sunday were the events on Saturday, April 15, 2017: as our crew reported, about 3000 people were in distress at the same time, after already 2000-3000 people arrived in the SAR area during the previous days. According to the Italian coast guard, a total of 7,000 people arrived in the operational area on 15 and 16 April 2017. This has resulted in a maximum demand for all existing deployments and the fact that even large NGO ships such as the Aquarius of SOS MEDITERRANEE and the Phoenix of MOAS could not take up any more people after a short time. As a result, several large NGO vessels had to leave the area of operations with people on board in order to land them. The Iuventa, the sea-eye.org and the Phoenix (MOAS) were left alone in the SAR zone.
Refugees on deck of the IUVENTA
After the IUVENTA handed over 800 rescued people to a marine ship on Saturday, they took over 309 people overnight on Sunday. A large part of them could be taken on board, others were provided on rescue boats and islands. At this time, also an estimated 400 people were in their vicinity in distress and without adequate assistance. It was as well officially reported that there were still 5 other inflatable boats with an estimated 600 people on their way to the operational area. In cooperation with the SAR units still present, the IUVENTA provided the surrounding inflatable and wooden boats with life vests and rescue islands all day long. People were given medical care. At midday of that day, all rescue tools were handed out and our resources at the end. Through these exceptional circumstances of rescue, the Iuventa found itself in an extreme situation. The Sea Eye and the Phoenix were already fully loaded with people on board at this time. The MRCC in Rome had sent ships for the acceptance and transfer of the people several times during the day and night, but on their way they found rubber boats in distress themselves they had to take care of. The weather at the same time continued to deteriorate and there was no prospect of assistance. The extreme sea and weather conditions particularly threatened the people, who could no longer be accommodated under deck of the IUVENTA. Around the Iuventa, a number of rubber boats and wooden boats, as well as several rescue islands were already in use due to a lack of capacity on board. This particularly high number of people in distress is not a new phenomenon for civilian aid organizations. Nevertheless the last weekend shows how dramatic the situation on the Mediterranean is and how urgent political action is required.
Tanker "Stemnitsa" on the left.
All night, our crew and the Berlin team were negotiating with MRCC Rome to find a common solution. During the night the MRCC also provided the 250 meter long tanker "Stemnitsa" as an accompaniment for us. In its wind and wave shadow, the IUVENTA was able to drive very slowly northwards to meet the Vos Hestia at an agreed point. The guests on board were able to survive the night on the deck and in the water by means of this practical help. Many of them were directly confronted with the bad weather conditions which made them reach their physical as well as psychological boundaries. Two of the eight pregnant women on board were in critical condition and the medical team of Rainbow for Africa provided them help at the IUVENTA Hospital.
The fact that the MRCC had problems to provide the IUVENTA with a ship to which the rescued could be delivered, we revert to their overload. They are in these situations as well as we are only able to work with what is available to them. The fact that too few ships are used for days like these shows again how urgently and inevitably an entire European solution is needed.
Our Skipper Kai Kaltgärtner describes the incident as followed:
In the morning hours of Sunday we rescued 250 people from several rubber boats and took them onboard. Meanwhile a wooden boat with 700 people approached in the dark and tried to get on the IUVENTA alongside. With an avoidance manoeuvre I prevented a collision as well as the chance to reach us alongside. But people on the wooden boat paniced, which is why about 50 people of them jumped in the water and climbed onboard the Iuventa. This caused an overcrowding. All other NGO-ships next to us were overcrowded too and in close distance to us proximity several hundred people where in distress. Due to our achieved capacity, we couldn’t provide those people. The requested support to transfer the rescued did not show up for more than 12 hours. As the weather changed the people on deck as well as on life rafts and rubber boats around us were endangered. These developments lead me to the decision to send the Mayday in order to finally receive help.
Since the founding of our association, we have pointed out that private rescue organizations are filling up existing state gaps. Our demand for an EU rescue program remains as relevant as ever in the course of recent developments. Although our organization has been operating sea rescue for a year, there is no improvement in the situation in sight. The NGOs, on the other hand, reach their limits under certain circumstances. The extreme numbers of the last few days show that very clearly. As a private organization, we provided 2,147 people with rescue tools within three days. The European Union must participate in the rescue of people on the run with a clear mandate. The sole focus on the elimination of the trafficking networks does not help the people, who at this moment have to flee from war and violence. Their lives should never be taken at risk for a policy of deterrence and closed borders.
Further information and statements from the crew and captain will follow in the next days. Due to the circumstances they went though, they need a moment of rest on their way to Malta after this extreme commitment.
Mission Von der Leyen
THE SECOND MISSION 2017
We demand a state-run rescue mission, Frau von der Leyen!
Since the beginning of mission Sophia ships of the navy are chasing a phantom - smugglers on the Mediterranean.
Instead of using the 42.3 million Euros to rescue people in maritime distress the navy's ships are not allowed to engage in active search and rescue. We are forced to take responsibility on sea in place of politicians instead!
In 2015 Frau von der Leyen claimed to sent those ships on a mission of search and rescue near the territorial waters of Libya. A mandate to fight against smugglers is the only thing that's left of that promise. There is no appearence of the word 'rescue' in that mandate. For the next two weeks we'll make your words come true and carry out rescue missions.
Mission De Maizière
FIRST MISSION 2017
As young Europeans we take over the job of political actors who actually should take responsibility on the grounds of European values. We cannot watch any longer how Europes responsibilities are neglected on the borders of a Fortress Europe.
We are investing our time and energy unsalaried to stand for our vision of Europe. When people die at our borders there is only one thing we should do: rescue them.
We're asking ourselves: If we manage to buy a ship, to convert it and to organise a professional crew to save people in maritime distress - why are political decision makers not able to take over those tasks?
From now on we will dedicate our rescue missions to exactly those persons whose responsibilities we are taking over on the sea.
This is why our first mission will be dedicated to Thomas De Maizière.
Mission Diversity rescues 393 people.
Our crew of mission Dignity was able to rescue 2733 people from maritime distress.
On mission Unity JUGEND RETTET IUVENTA is involved in rescuing 423 people.
131 people are being saved on mission Humanity.
Mission Responsibility rescues 1454 people.
Mission Equality starts. 140 people will be rescued.
Leaving the harbour in Malta to start the first rescue mission - named 'Solidarity' - saving 1388 people.